Panelists and Paper Presenters


David Ahrens, Alder, Madison Wisconsin Common Council. Many Hands Transform Blighted Corridor with New Neighborhood Centers 

Cottage Grove Road (CGR) in a Madison, Wis. neighborhood was “book-ended” by a closed fertilizer plant and a heavily contaminated 26 acre site on one end and a largely empty strip mall behind an immense parking lot on the other. Between the book-ends, bars comprised four of the eight retail establishments. 
In late 2009, Madison designated the 26-acre site a Special Area Plan requiring mutually supporting land uses and integrated design. In 2012, local residents proposed a mixed use site of apartments, single-family homes, a public library and stores on CGR. 
A developer adopted the plan but subdivided the property to a disability-rights non-profit for a 70-unit a mixed-income development designed primarily for people with substantial disabilities. Based on the anticipated $60 million value of the site, Royster Corners (RC), the city used $3 million in TIF to redesign CGR as a “complete street” with green pedestrian medians, bike lanes and wider sidewalks. After removing 50,000 tons of contaminated soil (through the EPA), RC is building 300 units, including 80 apartments for elderly above the new $14 million library. The project is bordered on one side by a bike path to downtown built on an abandoned rail line. 
The “bookend” on the other side of CGR is a newly approved 129-unit affordable-housing project that will replace the blighted strip mall. These homes are on a major bus line and near local schools. All three of the major projects are at LEED-Gold standards and include both central and bordering green spaces. 

Marie-Eve Assuncao-Denis, Graduate Research Assistant, McGill University. Increasing Cycling for Transportation in Canadian Communities: Understanding What Works 

Since the mid-1990s, cycling for transportation has become more and more popular in Canada, and many cities in the country have witnessed an important increase in their level of cycling. This paper looks at the different factors that have contributed to an increase in utilitarian cycling in ten different communities across Canada between 1996 and 2015. The study aims at providing guidance for municipalities of different sizes, locations and contexts wishing to address cycling for transportation in their communities. Interviews with engineers, planners, activists, politicians and academics were conducted to assess which factors were more important in changing cycling practice in each community. The study shows that locally-adopted measures have been effective in influencing the practice of utilitarian cycling: the development of pro-cycling policies and programs, as well as the expansion of cycling infrastructure, seem to have heavily influenced cycling in several studied communities, while activities and advocacy of cycling groups were also influential in many cases. Local contexts, for instance a small mountain town versus a large metropolis, can also greatly impact the types of factors that are more influential. Specific events can also have a trigger effect on cycling practice in an area. Factors which are beyond the control of local actors, such as cultural, demographic and economic changes, have contributed significantly to an increase in cycling in all case studies. In the end, it is often a combination of government-controlled factors and macro-trends that created an environment favourable to cycling for transportation in most municipalities. 


Jeremy Bailey, Senior Consultant, GreenBlue Urban. Understanding Green Infrastructure to Realize our Sustainability Potential 

Using urban trees as green infrastructure for our cities is arguably the most sustainable stormwater management solution available. The possibilities there are to turn stormwater runoff from a hindrance to an opportunity are limitless. Drainage problems arising from increasing levels of urbanization have exacerbated the limitations of conventional surface-water drainage measures. Street trees can be essential components to the management of stormwater in urban areas. Traditional drainage systems for surface water runoff have been designed to transfer rainwater from where it has fallen to either a soak-away or a watercourse as rapidly as possible. This method increases the risks of flooding, environmental damage, and urban diffuse pollution; since runoff water usually carries contaminants including oils, heavy metals, pesticides, fertilizers, chemicals and other urban matter. Specifically designed urban tree pit systems can effectively and sustainably mitigate these challenges and significantly reduce the velocity and flow rate of surface water runoff in urban areas, contributing towards meeting the required discharge rates, while filtering out harmful pollutants and contaminants carried in surface water. This presentation uses GreenBlue Urban’s 25 years of field experience, in conjunction with world-renowned researchers such as the University of Abertay Dundee and E2 Design Labs, to examine the opportunities available for integrating stormwater management into urban tree planting for truly sustainable urban landscapes.

Rosa Bustamante, Chief Planner, City of Burlington. Transit Oriented Walkable Neighbourhoods in Burlington Ontario

We're rethinking our city because we are out of traditional greenfield/subdivision land.  We've chosen to end sprawl and will not expand our urban boundary.  We are growing in new neighbourhoods; our mobility hubs: our downtown and at our three transit stations.  We're building walkable neighbourhoods within a 10 minute walk of 15 minute express rail with the rail connections serving communities west of Burlington and eastward to Toronto.  Burlington Council committed $2.5M to create these new neighbourhood plans founded on the key elements of walkable neighbourhoods - 10 minute "walkshed"; expanded parks and green space; new and improved pedestrian and cycling connections; more housing in a range of unit types, including serving families and residents of all ages; stronger retail and business communities; a mix of types of jobs and employment; and great neighbourhoods. 
We also engaged with our residents and community partners extensively to hear their thoughts and ideas on how we can make our plans even better. We are enshrining these neighbourhoods and designs in a new Official Plan to ensure these become a reality and not subject to wholesale change. What does this all mean for our current and future residents? It means we're committed to a healthy, sustainable and an active transportation growth plan for Burlington. 


Pablo Cabrera-Barona, Dr., University of Salzburg. Services accessibility and self-reported health/quality of life in a low-income urban neighborhood 

Proper access to urban services such as healthcare, education and parks, has important implications for people´s quality of life. Walking is for many people the way they access to these services. There are diverse and contradictory findings regarding whether poorer areas have poorer access to different services.  
In this research three indicators of accessibility were calculated: the walking times i) to access the nearest primary healthcare service, ii) to access the nearest schools and iii) to access the nearest parks, considering different population centers represented by census blocks that makeup a low-income neighborhood in the city of Quito, Ecuador. The multicriteria deprivation index for the city of Quito was also calculated for each one of the census blocks. The three walking times were classified in function of deprivation quintiles. Finally, individual health and quality of life data extracted from interviews conducted in the neighborhood were also classified by deprivation quintiles.  
The results show that more deprived areas have lower accessibility to primary healthcare, schools, and parks, compared to less deprived areas. However, proper walkable accessibility to schools (lower than ten minutes) and parks (around ten minutes) were identified, but the walkable accessibility drastically decreases in the case of accessing primary healthcare (higher than fifty minutes). People located in the two most deprived quintiles reported to have fair to very good health and quality of life.  
The analyzed low-income neighborhood has good access to certain services, and shows evidence of individual-level resilience.  

Patricia Collins, Associate Professor, Queen's UniversityExploring the consequences of permanent public school closures for the 10-minute neighborhood: A case study in Kingston, Ontario

Public schools are essential to creating healthy and sustainable 10-minute neighborhoods. They are frequented daily by children and parents, they serve as sites for community events and services for people of all ages, and they build community social capital. Despite their importance, public schools are being permanently closed across Canada, and particularly within Ontario, triggered by the confluence of declining enrolments, rising operating costs for aging schools, and government funding cuts. Within this context, school boards are faced with tough decisions about whether and which schools to close; however, the process that guides school closure decisions in Ontario has been heavily criticized for failing to consider how surrounding neighborhoods will be impacted by the loss of their local school. These oversights pose serious threats to the creation and maintenance of 10-minute neighborhoods. 
This is an important policy issue that has received little attention from scholars. Accordingly, we studied the consequences of the decision to close Ontario’s oldest high school, located in Kingston, on community stability and quality of life of residents living in one of the five neighborhoods located in the school’s catchment area. Our research is currently underway. To date, we have interviewed seven key informants, including two city councillors, two neighbourhood leaders, one school board trustee, one school advocate, and one social service provider. Additionally, we have administered invitations for an online survey to 4500 households within the school’s catchment area. Our presentation will share some of the key findings from this research. 


Andrea Dear, Health Planning Facilitator and Althaf Farouque, Development Facilitator,  Region of Peel. Health as a consideration in the Development Application Review Process 

The built environment can have a significant impact on human health. The built form, including the location of neighbourhood commercial/retail services, street patterns, the provision of sidewalks, parks, trails, the size and location of parking lots and access to public transit all contribute to the extent of active transportation. Using active transportation increases physical activity which can help to reduce the onset of chronic diseases, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. 
Through collaboration with Regional and area municipal planning departments, Peel Public Health is recognized as a leader in positioning health as a sustainable consideration in the land use development process. These efforts have resulted in the development and implementation of the Healthy Development Assessment (HDA), an evidence-informed tool that assesses the health-promoting potential of applicable development applications. This work has also led to the creation of a supportive Regional policy framework, Regional Official Plan Amendment (ROPA) 27, which requires the completion of a health assessment for applicable development applications. 
This presentation will provide an overview of the Region’s approach to health and the built environment, including consultation and collaboration with the area municipalities of Peel, as well as the development industry developing and implementing the HDA. The presentation will include case studies and examples to demonstrate the potential of such tools, lessons learned and next steps. 

Jenny Donovan, Principal, Inclusive DesignPlaces where people thrive 

Our towns and cities are a patchwork of places that lift some people and allow them to meet their needs, thrive and fulfil their potential, whilst consigning others to diminished lives. 
i contend this is both profoundly unfair and diminishes us all. This paper explores how we can use the process and the product of urban design to tailor our shared surroundings to better enable everyone to meet their needs locally. The paper looks at what human needs are and how they can be met in a way that is efficient in space and resources. Its findings are based on several case studies and seeks to offer some ideas about how we can empower more people to participate in making their surroundings more nurturing places for them, their families and neighbours.

Joyce Mariann Drohan, Special Advisor, City Design Studio City of Vancouver, Planning, Urban Design and Sustainability. Vancouver: Livable communities from the '70's to the present 

Vancouver has gained a reputation for urban livability beginning with the seminal work in False Creek South during the 1970's. This highly innovative community plan, created through the collaboration of the City, UBC and many advocates from the design community was Vancouver's first definitive step in forging a reputation for best practice in city-building. It laid the ground for subsequent communities including Downtown South, Southeast False Creek (home of the 2010 Olympic Village) and East Fraserlands - each a significant advancement for exemplary sustainable living. This talk will look briefly at each of these communities to demonstrate the continuity and the evolution of livability in Vancouver over the last four decades. 
The presentation will consider the urban design for False Creek South and its role in shifting Vancouver from the ‘business-as-usual’ urban development of the 1970’s to one delivering urban innovation, social equity and deep integration of nature.  
Aligned with a concurrent Habitat for Humanity event, False Creek South planning took advantage of a waterfront brownfield site to realize a new kind of community for Vancouver focused on exceptional connectivity for walking, cycling and socializing, a high degree of green open space woven into every part of the plan and a richly organic pattern of small neighbourhood clusters supporting 1/3 social, 1/3 affordable and 1/3 market housing.   
The presentation will provide insights into the key urban design strategies for the plan and those lessons that have been carried forward into more recent sustainable communities that extend the city’s livability legacy. 


Ram Eisenberg, Landscape Architect, Owner, Ram Eisenberg Environmental Design, Haifa, Israel. Depth Walk, Care and Responsibility, and the Theater-matrix / Tel Aviv Walkability study 


The new masterplan of Tel Aviv designated the downtown area as a pedestrian-favored zone. In order to implement this decision, the municipality ordered a study aimed at practical recommendations, inquiring what makes people prefer walking over other modes of transportation. Our team won the bid for the depth-walk, a qualitative methodology based on 'focusing' and 'radical listening' techniques and other tools such as qualitative multidimensional mapping; grounded in the pragmatist notion that the universal is to be found at heart of the most personal. 
A two year study yielded the-city-as-theater matrix, a field of all possible pro-walkability actions within a four-cornered matrix of private/public and stage/actors quadrants; in which private and public actors play on both the public and private stage. In line with this metaphor, some of our key categories were the responses to expressions (or lack thereof) of care and responsibility. Care denotes an expression of an individual tending to something they cherish, whilst responsibility is an expression of the obligation of authority. 
So far most of the tools the city employed, such as improving pedestrian infrastructure, are limited to the public stage and actor domain. Our study opened and therefore focused on options for actions in the three other quadrants: facilitating expressions of individual care in both the public and private domains. 
The result is a call for a paradigm shift in the way the city is managed, and a catalogue of some 200 proposals of practical tools the municipality can employ to make the shift.


Carlo Fabian, Professor, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland School of Social Work. Participating in creating open spaces with and for children and its impact on health 

Planning and designing open spaces close to nature, with and for children, is about more than just having nice open spaces for children. The participatory process is at least as valuable as the utilization of these spaces. The benefits of the process are related to topics such as education, health, competences and resources, spatial-social identification, awareness of nature and experiencing democracy. This paper addresses a participatory action research programme carried out in Switzerland and focuses on the health benefits of participation. 
Participation does not only foster shared outcomes, but also has an effect on those taking part. The design process influences, among other things, the health prospects and health resources of those participating. In the case of participating children, their experience is manifold: being heard and taken seriously as a resident with both an opinion and a voice; integration in the community; social contact and exchange with other people and other generations; experiencing empathy from grown-ups and other children. If this experience is positive, children’s health resources may be strengthened. These resources can be seen as factors that safeguard or strengthen resilience that can be fostered and are empirically measurable. These main factors are empowerment and autonomy, self-efficacy, attribution and locus of control, and sense of coherence. 
At the conference, the programme will be outlined, with a focus on participatory processes with children and the possible impact on health-related factors will be discussed. 

Louise Finlay, Project Manager, Bikeways, Trails and Greenspaces, Chris Dedman, Traffic Project Manager and Diane Freeman, Councillor, City of Waterloo. Delivering on Active Transportation Mandate 

At the City of Waterloo, we are reducing dependence on the automobile by creating policies, developing strategies, and building infrastructure to encourage cycling, walking and transit use. We believe that Active Transportation is foundational to creating Healthy 10-Minute Neighbourhoods. In gathering data for our Transportation Master Plan (TMP) in 2011, we found that 75% of all trips in the City of Waterloo are less than 8 km, and 50% are less than 2 km. Data collection for all modes of transportation strengthens our case to invest in the 5E’s of a sustainable transportation network: Engineering, Evaluation & Planning, Education, Enforcement and Encouragement.  
Council’s Strategic Plan is built on six pillars: 
1. Multi-modal transportation 
2. Infrastructure renewal 
3. Strong community 
4. Environmental leadership 
5. Corporate excellence 
6. Economic development  
The City’s Official Plan (OP), updated in 2012, provides the legislative authority to support our Complete Street Policy and other policies embedded in our TMP, create livable mixed-use neighbourhoods, engage our citizens, and protect the natural environment.   
The three-part presentation will outline the following topics:  
1. Creating Policy: building an Active Transportation culture, engaging the public, and nurturing advocacy groups.  
2. Mustering the Political Will: identifying Council’s vision - the challenges and the opportunities; extending that vision into all areas of the City and City Hall. 
3. Getting it Done: planning, designing, funding and building infrastructure for users of all ages and abilities, developing cycling education programs, producing a bi-annual report, “Active Waterloo”.

Al Fletcher, Manager, Neighbourhood Action Strategy Planner RPP/MCIP. Code Red towards Healthy Vibrant Communities 

The City of Hamilton was issued a Call to Action through a local newspaper publishing a series of articles on the inequities between the have and have not neighbourhoods entitle Code Red. Based on the comparison of Social Determinants of Health the City created the Neighbourhood Action Strategy to invest into 11 "forgotten" neighbourhoods and build capacity in the residents to make positive change within their own community. I will be able to speak to the positive outcomes and projects as well as the challenges facing neighbourhoods and quickly changing landscape of the City of Hamilton. I will speak about the difficulties in building trust between residents and government, the slow but changing engagement methods of government with residents as well as the growing pains. Evaluation has shown positive results as well as the continued growth and buy-in of community partnerships with results of enhancing the success. Outside factors of a healthy real estate market - Toronto influx - are changing the City as well as the many neighbourhoods based on the values and expectations of the new residents - gentrification is both good and bad, unintended consequence of displacement needs to be addressed. I will conclude with the (Re)Imagining process which is essentially a 5 yr review of NAS and a resident-engaged process as to look at how the City can provide community development into the future. 

Samuel Friesema, Urban Designer. Networks of Urban Acupuncture, and the Non-Contiguous P.U.D. 

The suburban problem is, in effect, too massive to be treated by large, contiguous developments. Immediate urbanisms on the fringe of suburbia act as mere distraction; urban experiences to offer relief and amnesia from the monotony of suburban life, while doing nothing to address the underlying physical and political issues.  
Any serious solution must be one of coordinated decentralization. Networks of Urban Acupuncture is a strategy of program distribution over existing context that utilizes both policy and design, what Keller Easterling describes as “Active Form”. Big ideas, broken into micro interventions that blanket troubled or underperforming areas, is an innovative way to truly guide the emergence of 10-minute neighborhoods from the vast expanses of our current suburban landscapes. 
Networks of Urban Acupuncture, and the Non-Contiguous P.U.D. is an essay on both theoretical and actual practice methodology for attacking and altering the single use land policy that plagues much of contemporary Western Civilization. New policy proposals would capitalize on the latent disposition present within the inefficiencies of sprawl, and use that energy to move neighborhoods forward. The proposed theory and highlighted projects show the capacity for multifaceted density increases over time which transform existing single-use low-density neighborhoods into dynamic new models of urbanism.  


Antonio  Gómez-Palacio, DIALOG. Community Wellbeing: Towards a New Framework of Design 

The positive connection between healthy environments and the communities within them are recognized as places that thrive and attract people. Today, the link in how we plan and design our communities for near and long-term success and wellbeing is not only recognized but is aspired to. Wellbeing is a vision that’s share not only by local residents, but by government officials, business owners, developers and investors, too. “Wellbeing” is transcending a personal concept into one that inspires action.  
To this effect, and in partnership with the Conference Board of Canada (CBoC), DIALOG has developed a robust methodology and corresponding set of indicators to:  
• Host conversations with concerned communities around topics concerning social, economic, environmental, cultural, and political issues. These are important matters communities face and frequently identify as essential to ensure their citizens have the opportunity to flourish and fulfill their potential 
• Guide the mission of community leaders, urban planners, architects, engineers, and design professionals, with evidence-based knowledge 
• Better inform the creation, implementation, monitoring, and evolution of progressive policy, plans, and designs that promote wellbeing.  
The Framework defines Community Wellbeing as “the combination of social, economic, environmental, cultural, and political conditions identified by individuals and their communities as essential for them to flourish and fulfill their potential.” As such, it requires a meaningful conversation with communities about their own vision, their dreams, and the opportunities we can collectively build upon.  
The session will present the Community Wellbeing Framework and our initial findings, relative to case studies and pilot projects.  

Jenni Grafton, Economic Development Manager, City of Westminster. Reshaping a Low Point into a Community of Opportunity. 

Aging infrastructure with disparate owners, an underserved neighborhood that often flooded, and a loosely gathered collection of predominately industrial parcels that were generally overlooked as drivers traveled north across the bridge on Federal Boulevard above the railroad tracks – hardly the elements of a healthy or vibrant community. Most certainly, the area now known as Westminster Station, was not a place one identified with social equity, community connectivity, or environmental well-being. However, through an award-winning regional storm water project, an innovative nature-play park, and a partnership to bring commuter rail into a station designed to support arts and culture, the City of Westminster, Colorado, has built a foundation upon which a Community of Opportunity can begin to flourish. 
This presentation will focus first on the creative leveraging of resources to deliver an integrated approach to multimodal transportation, parks and recreational amenities, utility infrastructure, and outdoor gathering spaces. This public investment is now supporting active redevelopment that is bringing mixed-use and mixed-income projects to the area. The vital role that the Adams County Housing Authority has played in spurring that activity will be highlighted in detail. Lastly, the paper will capture the emerging potential of a music and performance driven creative district that is rooted in a long-standing local small business looking to give back to the neighborhood and make music education accessible to all and the connective thread that weaves through the community. 

Jeff Greene, Director, Planning and Development, City of Lethbridge, AB, CANADA. The (in)Complete Street: A study of cases across the United States

Complete streets in the United States is a term with origins in the Danish Woofeven and British Home Zone. Two typologies of shared urban streets in which private vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians ‘co-exit’ on the road as equal users. The National Complete Streets Coalition by Smart Growth America defines Complete Streets as “Streets for everyone. They are designed and operated to enable safe access for all users, including pedestrians, bicyclist, motorists and transit riders of all ages and abilities”. The designing and subsequent adoption of the policy across the United States has created multiple typologies of so-called “complete streets” throughout the  United States in which the shared use of the street is still dominated (unequally) by motorized vehicles and the enabling of ‘safe access to all’ remains limited for both pedestrians, cyclists, and public transit users. While on the other head motorists maintain dominance. Using Smart Growth American Complete streets Policy Adoption (updated October 20th, 2017) evaluate selected policies and implementations of Complete Street design and conduct a thorough design oriented investigation of the projects “streets for everyone” concepts, specifically the how has the introduction of complete streets changed the street hierarchy.
Keywords: Complete Streets, Sustainable Development, Equality


Hanaa Hamdi, National Public Health Director, The Trust for Public Land. 10-Minute Walk to Healthy, Equitable Neighborhoods 

There is a growing recognition that equity and equal opportunities to health are inextricably connected. Income, housing quality, and neighborhood features—such as availability of healthy food environments, public safety, walkability, and connection to safe parks and green public places are some root causes that can support being healthy. Understanding the full range of neighborhood inequities and associated burden of disease, we can create actionable strategies to establish necessary policy, cross-sector systems and environmental (PSE) changes to impact the total health of communities. The Trust for Public Land in close partnership with NRPA, ULI, national funders and over 130 mayors, is leading a national 10-Minute Walk (10MW) initiative—a concept that advances a 10MW connection to parks and green public spaces for every person in every city in America. The Initiative undergirded in PSE strategies, aligns park design and develop to address municipal priorities: sustainable economic and housing development, climate resiliency, public safety and health. By centering holistic communities on parks and green public places, we can create equal opportunity for communities to have access to the resources they need to thrive—all within a 10-minute walk from where people live, work, and learn. 
This proposed paper will discuss the conceptualization of the 10MW neighborhoods, strategic cross-sector partnership building and mayoral recruitment, local and national policies, and implementation and health impact assessments. 

Jason Hegenauer, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Hartford Department of Architecture. Healthy transitions: providing housing for Syrian refugees in the U.S. 

This presentation deals with the social integration of immigrants and asylum seekers. The ongoing crisis in Syria has left much of the world in debate over the fate of the country’s refugees. Those who are fortunate enough to escape the strife of their home country leave with little-to-no personal items, leaving their entire lives behind. Often escape requires traveling long distances, landing in makeshift settlements or more formal refugee camps.   
Even after finding asylum in another country, they must still face the struggle of creating a new life for themselves and their families, while adapting to a new area, with a new culture. For many, even though they have been granted asylum in a new country, this life-changing event leaves the refugees in a constant state of displacement.  
This paper presents a Master’s Thesis case study, which explores the disorientation that refugees face by creating “transitional housing” in downtown San Diego, California. Based on the theory of Heterotopia, the thesis examines the concepts of alien and familiar, in relation to habitat and home. Utilizing a housing complex as a model precedent, the thesis draws on materiality, natural systems, construction methods, and spatial uses native to Syria in order to create a familiar environment for refugees transitioning to their new lives. Though the difficult adaptation for these people is an inevitable, having a comfortable space to call home during the transition time relieves many of the stressor that hinders relocation and adaptation.  

Jennifer Herriott, Assistant Director of Health, Health Professional. San Antonio Takes Site From Oyster to Pearl 

The 22-acre Pearl site has a rich history dating back to 1883. The Pearl is a newly developed area north of downtown San Antonio which provides a unique experience as a top culinary and cultural destination. The mixed-use space features retail, dining, green spaces, walking and biking paths, a riverside amphitheater, and the third campus of The Culinary Institute of America. As a former brewery operating from 1883 to 2001, Pearl reflects a vivid past while embracing the future with LEED-certified complexes mixed with historic architecture. With a mix of restaurants, shops and not for profit businesses the Pearl can be accessed by car, river boat, and bicycle or on foot. In the last 10 years it has been developed as a joint venture with public and private partnerships spearheaded by local funders to be a hub for people from all walks of life. Continued growth now includes The Park at Pearl, SA Bike Share, a yoga studio, a bike shop, a dog park, many wonderful restaurants, several mixed income rental units and a beautiful hotel. It includes the Pearl Stable which is a popular venue to host both educational conferences and large family celebrations. The urban friendly lifestyle draws both young and old and is a place that offers live music, festivals, the city’s largest open air farmers market and a wonderful and varied array of cultural events.  

Katherine Howard, Planner/Project Manager, VanPlay, Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation. VanPlay - Redefining outstanding parks and recreation 

Healthy, vibrant, connected, resilient communities are built through parks and recreation.  
The Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation is creating a Playbook to guide the delivery of parks and recreation services for the next 25 years. This presentation will share our process (including a new methodology to measure walkable catchments to parks, a SOPARC study and extensive community and stakeholder engagement) and our findings (including investigation into social and environmental equity, quality of service at a city-wide scale, and access to a range of parks and recreation experiences within a short walk from home).  
Vancouver, whilst blessed with beautiful natural areas, is under threat. An opioid crisis, rapid population growth and an outpaced cost of living, all play out in the public realm. Vancouver's precious park space is working harder than ever before and continues to thrive thanks to this proactive strategic planning. The health, well-being and resilience of Vancouverites are tied directly to our green open spaces and robust social infrastructure. 


Daniel Iacofano, CEO, MIG, Inc., Ph.D., FAICP, FASLA, MIG, Inc. The Experiential City: 15 Transformations 

Collective impact..ecofusion…transformational infrastructure…and more. In an increasingly technology-driven world, people of all cultures, ages and abilities crave human contact. This visionary presentation will utilize a panoply of images from projects worldwide to explore the “seeds of change” -- indicators of the future of healthy and inclusive, 10-minute neighborhoods. Using the concept of inclusivity as the fundamental basis for creating truly great neighborhoods, the presentation will illustrate how neighborhoods can support the physical, economic, environmental, cultural and social needs of all people. Explore how transformational change over the next 10 years -- in urban design, economic development, housing, mobility, habitat protection, community facilities, retail and business districts, and placemaking and cultural significance -- will ensure that our neighborhoods are fully inclusive, welcoming and thriving. 

Pawinee Iamtrakul, Lecturer, Associate Professor, Thammasat University, Thailand.  Resilience in urban mobility towards Hybrid Canal-Rail connectivity linking Bangkok’s canal networks to mass rapid transit lines 

The influence of rapid development has been more focused on the growth of built up area rather than proceed through its unique characters of urban morphology, especially the megacity of developing world. A huge network of waterways in Bangkok has been overlooked on its utilizations which has been the major evidence of unprepared urban mobility to cope with a changing climate along with tackling on affordability of urban poor on their daily transportation. Thus, the study on hybrid canal-rail system improvement in Bangkok will be a good example of rethinking of transportation development to be consistence with the urban context on the consideration of land use factors affecting the canal-rail system development. The considerations of spatial management become crucial and being used as a tool for revitalizing urban area in particular Water Transit-Oriented Development (WTOD) which becomes the important part for improving the area nearby the station to increase ridership as to input to the transportation system. 

Cristina Imbroglini, Assistant Professor, and Lucina Caravaggi, Professor, Department of Architecture and Design, Sapienza University of Rome. Rome’s GRAB (Great cycle ring): inclusive design for healthy 10- minutes urban environment 

CO2, NO2 emissions and PM10 concentrations are largely attributable to vehicle traffic (IEA, 2015) which is mainly responsible for pollution in urban areas with evident impact on microclimate and public health. One of the most important challenges for the future of the planet regards accessibility and promotion of more efficient and sustainable urban mobility (UN HABITAT 2017).This perspective demands a integrated and complex approach that simultaneously acts on city spaces and on citizens’ behaviors, everyday more and more sedentary and private-transport dependent. 
In Rome our research group is actually working on GRAB project (great bicycle ring): an efficient and versatile system, a cycle path for all users , pedestrians or cyclists, connecting central areas of the city (with the highest number of residents and tourists) with suburbs through 10-minutes green interconnections with the subway system, light rail and existing cycle paths. GRAB is a highly accessible infrastructure with high environmental, social, economic and cultural profitability. A public infrastructure meant non just to cross but to improve the spaces it goes through without adding built space and promoting chances of sociality and a healthier lifestyle. 
The GRAB project is an integral part of the national strategy for cycle mobility proposed by the Department of Transportation and it was commissioned by the Municipality of Rome. It represents a significant experimentation within the initiatives based on innovation, social participation and NATURE-BASED solutions, that we are carrying on to pursue accessibility, healthy lifestyles, social inclusion, resilience and climate change adaptation in urban areas.  


Christopher Janson, Planner & Architect, Looney Ricks Kiss (LRK Inc.). Health and Wellness as a Catalyst for Neighborhood Revitalization in Jackson, Tenn

The Jackson Community Redevelopment Agency partnered with Healthy Communities LLC to create a public-private partnership using health and wellness as a catalyst for revitalizing an existing neighborhood that re-anchors it to the adjacent downtown and farmers market. LRK prepared a master plan that addresses the built form and environmental conditions that cause environment- and lifestyle-based ailments such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. The plan identified locations for strategic infill and rehabilitation of single-family homes, multifamily units, social gathering places and neighborhood-serving retail buildings. A central element of the plan is the new 80,000 square-foot LIFT (Living In A Fit Tennessee) Wellness Center, a comprehensive healthy lifestyle center that includes a medical clinic, outpatient rehab and therapy center, fitness facilities (exercise equipment, multiple pools, running track, gymnasium, classrooms), café, and demonstration kitchen. 
This project provided: 
- A 80,000 square-foot LIFT Wellness Center  
- Two retail buildings featuring a healthy restaurant, yoga studio, and outdoor fitness retailer 
- multifamily buildings 
- Rehabilitated and infill single family homes 
- Neighborhood creek restoration and new creekside trails and exercise stations 
- Introduction of public art within public space 
- A neighborhood gathering space and amphitheater capable of hosting community events 
The true power of this wellness-centered downtown is that by including health considerations into the design process, we can impact health outcomes by integrating and combining the uses people desire in an environment that is attractive and overcomes the negative health consequences the auto-dominated patterns of conventional development have had on our communities. 

Scott Jordan, Principal, ASLA Civitas. Reclaiming Community - the River, the Shopping Mall, and the Airport

Ranked by Forbes as one of the best places to live and work, Denver’s ability to absorb an ever-expanding population base while providing a high quality of life in increasingly denser communities can be attributed to a willingness to catalyze change through major redevelopments. These developments are focused around transit, enhanced pedestrian experiences and a robust parks system. This session will explore three such developments and the resulting outcomes that have transformed neglected sites into thriving mixed use 10-minute communities. 
The River 
The revitalization of the blighted Central Platte Valley into a vibrant extension of the downtown core hinged upon a civic vision to provide recreational amenities linking the river to the city. For the past decade, the creation of this green necklace along the river has spurred extraordinary development, multiple urban plazas and a series of mixed-use communities. 
The Mall 
Villa Italia Mall was transformed into a new urban neighborhood that became the cultural heart of Lakewood. The Belmar development is organized around a large public plaza that celebrates civic and social activities essential to successful urban life and includes a mix of retail, office, galleries, restaurant and residential uses.   
The Airport 
The 4,700 acre site of the former Stapleton International Airport has become one of Denver’s most prized new neighborhoods with commercial, residential and open space uses. Through an interconnected park system and mixed-use town centers, this development has fostered a strong sense of community while being recognized worldwide for its regeneration of urban brownfields. 


Dena Kasraian, Professor, University of Toronto Transportation Research Institute. Pedestrians’ perception of attractiveness of streetscapes: a review of the existing literature 

Different strands of research with backgrounds ranging from transportation, planning and urban design to public health, investigate the link between the built environment and walking behaviour. The majority of existing research focuses on the level of service assessments of walking environments or the urban form correlates of walking at the neighbourhood scale. While much attention is paid (justifiably) to the amount of walking, the quality of walking trips and pedestrians’ user experience are mostly overlooked. In many places, streets are still primarily designed for the convenience of motorists, with the fulfillment of the mobility function as the only design goal. Furthermore, urban design guidelines for streetscapes – if present – are rarely based on empirical evidence of their relationship to pedestrians’ behaviour or psychology.  
A growing number of empirical studies are investigating the contribution of micro-scale built environment characteristics to pedestrians’ perception of attractiveness of streetscapes. This research is facilitated by advances in 3D modelling and detailed representations of the built environment which can simulate real-life experiences in a controlled experimental environment. This paper reviews the empirical literature from the past two decades which focus on the role of micro-scale street-level attributes (including roadway, side walk and adjacent land use characteristics) in pedestrians’ perception of attractiveness of streetscapes. It provides an overview of the applied methods, investigated attributes, findings, and finally avenues for future research. Findings could apply to design guidelines which can potentially improve the level of walking as well as user experience. 

Simon Kingham, Professor, University of Canterbury. Learning from fractured places: the importance of ‘local’ in community resilience and development 

Research has shown that social connectedness helps strengthen social capital and can lead to improved mental and physical health, and positive economic outcomes. Social capital is integral to enabling and supporting the response and recovery of communities following a disaster. Good urban form can also be positive for health, place attachment, investment, and crime reduction. 
In 2010/11 Christchurch, New Zealand, experienced a devastating series of earthquakes that resulted in over 180 fatalities and significant damage to most of the city. This paper will present the findings of a study, part of the Resilient Urban Futures project, that sought to identify what ‘features’ of communities enabled some areas to respond and recover better and faster following the earthquakes. It included such things physical features, social infrastructure, accessibility and proximity, local leadership etc. 
Interviews with key informants who were part of the 2011 post-disaster response across the city combined with interviews of residents from four Christchurch suburbs found that particular features were important to support resilience. The features include well defined geography, street typology, and quality local social infrastructure; with a strong focus on the importance of ‘local’. In addition, communities with more of these features had more pre-exiting social connectedness and so managed better and initiated recovery locally. This paper will outline the nature of the research and present more detailed results of the research. It will end with recommendations for what we can do to make our communities healthier and more resilient. 

Darren Kropf, Neighbourhood Development Office Associate, City of Kitchener. Love My Hood: Residents take the lead and the city supports them along the way 

Every city builds its neighbourhoods through investments in hard infrastructure. The truly innovative cities also invest in social infrastructure – creating the conditions where residents can shape the future of their neighbourhood and feel like they belong. 
Love My Hood – Kitchener’s first neighbourhood strategy – embraces a simple yet powerful vision: residents take the lead in shaping their neighbourhood, and the city supports them along the way. 
On paper, Love My Hood outlines eighteen action items in three areas of focus: Great Places, Connected People and Working Together. Love My Hood makes it easier for residents to lead projects that make their neighbourhood even better. Examples include popular projects like community gardens, street parties, crosswalk murals or public seating, but can also include creative placemaking initiatives like mosaic art walls in the park or outdoor ping pong tables. 
Investments in new tools, resources and grants create more ways for residents to be engaged in their neighbourhood on their terms – choosing the projects they’re passionate about and that fit their local context.  
As residents work together with their neighbours to get things done, they strengthen community connections and foster a greater sense of belonging for the residents that live there. 
When cities grow and become denser, social relationships can be difficult to maintain or may not exist at all. Kitchener is embracing its status as a growing city, while at the same time investing just as much on strengthening social connections as on the built environment. 


Alexandro Medina Lara, Urban Designer & Planner, Researcher SOM/Harvard. Non GMO Cities: Craft, Specialization and Nostalgia in Development 

There has been an important trend in the last 10 years in our societies, the rejection of GMOs and what they represent. Understanding the GMO not from the dietary or alimentary focus, but more as a societal rejection of values behind its engineering, mass production and modernity. This paper draws parallels between this trend in consumption and the way neighborhoods across the world are transforming; by comprehending their importance in the development of a healthy neighborhood.  
The rejection of engineering for craftsmanship exemplified in the revival of craft spaces and workshops. The rejection of mass production for specialization exemplified in small retail or manufacturers like micro breweries. The last one is the rejection of modernity for nostalgia and the resurgence of the barber shop, record shop etc. These three “non GMO” elements of craft, specialization and nostalgia form a tight network of services and spaces in our neighborhoods that become essential part in the evolution of neighborhoods.  
This network thrives together intellectually, socially and economically and they manifest in rich and interesting spaces where the community comes together. Making what in the past was just a blue collar job like barbers, bakers, brewers, shoemakers, etc. a new thriving element in these new spaces- spaces where the community showcase their skills and talents. 

Jordan Lee, Planner, City of Mississauga and Sebastian van Gilst, Health Promoter, Region of Peel. Walking About: Utilization of Walking Audits for Policy Projects in Mississauga 

The Region of Peel and the City of Mississauga are collaborating on a policy project called ‘Reimagining the Mall’, which will develop and implement policies to guide the long-term development of six unique areas toward becoming healthier and more complete communities. The six areas, which are anchored by indoor shopping malls, included in the study represent a significant opportunity for future redevelopment that includes intensification, a mix of uses, integration with transit, and active transportation. 
As part of the community engagement program, the Region led participants from the community on facilitated walking audits. Using an evidence-based approach, Peel’s walking audit tool was used to provide participants with a means to both assess the walkability of their community and understand how the built form can impact their daily activities (e.g. commuting to work, running errands). The information gathered from the community walks was used to inform municipal staff and decision-makers in understanding barriers to active transportation, and to make informed decisions about healthy built environment considerations for future policies of shopping mall areas. 
The focus of the paper and presentation will be to highlight how the walking audit was developed for the Region of Peel and how they can be used to provide valuable input regarding walkability into policy studies such as Reimagining the Mall. By assessing the opportunities and challenges of the built environment of existing neighbourhoods, planning policy can be used to set the framework for the future of healthy, complete communities. 

Kris Longston, Manager, Community & Strategic Planning, City of Greater Sudbury.  The Capreol 2018 Community Improvement Plan 

The Capreol 2018 Community Improvement Plan was adopted by the City of Greater Sudbury in 2015 and represents the culmination of four years public engagement with the residents of Capreol to identify key improvements they would like to see made in their community.   
The purpose of the Capreol 2018 CIP is to ensure that downtown Capreol is a well planned and thoughtfully neighborhood that will provide accessible recreation for current and future residents, attract investment, support economic development and eco-tourism, strengthen community identity and encourage year round outdoor activities in time to celebrate the town’s centennial in 2018. 
Capreol 2018 includes three phases; 1) downtown waterfront improvements, 2) downtown streetscape improvements and 3) increasing recreation and tourism opportunities. 
Phase One of the Capreol 2018 CIP is currently under construction and will create an accessible passive and active outdoor recreation destination at the downtown waterfront that all residents of Capreol can enjoy. 
Key components of Phase One include:  
• The construction of an approximate 1 km long, lit, active transportation path along the waterfront, with accessible seating and picnic areas; 
• The creation of a public gathering space at King and Lakeshore Streets; 
• The creation of a barrier free access to the beach; 
• Design elements that celebrate Capreol’s railway heritage, and 
• Sustainable landscaping and public art to improve the waterfront and connect the river with the downtown core. 
Phase One is scheduled for completion in June 2018.   


Robert Marshall, Principal BA, MUP, RPP, LEED AP, Global Director, B+H Planning & Landscape  and Quan Nguyen Hoang, M. Arch, Int’l Assoc. AIA, Senior Associate Director. Developing Sustainable Urban Sub-Centers 

The Hamlet Waterfront Residential Master Plan is an approximately 200-hectare site located south of the Ho Chi Minh City urban area, along the Saigon River. Meeting the needs of families looking for grade-related housing close to the city at more affordable prices than available in Saigon, plans include a mix of housing types and community amenities focused on walkability. Through phased planning and development aimed at increasing access to and within the site via waterways, linear parks, streets, and walkways, the long-term vision positions the development as an active urban sub-center. A residential community composed of a mix of housing types and densities to address a blend of incomes, amenities include public services, commercial centers, recreational facilities, water features, and open spaces. 
Located in a floodplain currently used for agriculture, the site is crossed north to south and east to west with many small canals and tributaries leading to the Saigon River. While development will require some cut, fill, and re-routing of watercourses, a low-impact approach will preserve the existing water system and water volumes – working with the forces of nature and the land to support sustainability and resiliency. The site plan is based on an organic grid to mimic the existing environment and ecosystem allowing for easy adaptation as uses evolve. A crucial component of community participation and involvement will be a wetland interpretive center, acting as a regional attraction and a local resource teaching the community about the local ecosystem and how biomimetic systems can create sustainable communities.  

Devon McAslan, Doctoral Candidate, Urban and Regional Planning University of Michigan. Public Transportation and Village Planning in Seattle: Towards Sustainable Neighborhoods? 

In 1994, the City of Seattle adopted its first comprehensive plan, Toward a Sustainable Seattle, which developed a future vision of growth based on an urban village model. A series of urban centers, hub urban villages and residential urban villages were created and future growth would be targeted to these neighborhood centers. Today, development in these urban centers and villages is booming, as Seattle has grown by nearly 150,000 residents since 2000. This village planning approach has been successful at targeting new growth in certain areas, creating more dense and mixed-use neighborhoods, and has recently been supplemented by the city’s Housing and Livability Agenda (HALA) and their Minimum Housing Affordability (MHA) requirements, which aim to provide more housing, and more affordable housing in urban centers and villages. However, many questions remain as to whether these urban villages have actually created more sustainable neighborhoods. Have they become more transit-oriented? Do they encourage walking and cycling? Do they provide new spaces for social interaction? These urban villages have many positive benefits, but I argue that due to a lack of coordinated planning between land use, transportation, housing, public services and retail, many of these urban villages are either gentrifying rapidly or becoming de facto TODs – essentially TOD without the accompanying transit. This paper explores the numerous pros and cons of this village planning model in Seattle, the extent to which it has facilitated the development of more sustainable neighborhoods, and what might be done differently to make them more sustainable. 

Zachary Meers, Project Manager, City of Detroit. City Walls - Reclaiming by Reshaping Essential Urban Elements: Wayfinding, Placemaking, and Attracting Eyes to the Streets 

The City of Detroit launched the City Walls program in the summer of 2017. Essentially a public art program, the new initiative integrated a multifaceted approach to reclaiming public space by focusing on an essential urban element: the city wall.  
The pilot program included an artist residency program called the Blight Abatement Artist Residency Program (BAARP), a viaduct transformation program, and a program where property owners who have received a blight violation ticket could choose to have a mural painted to satisfy the remediation portion of the ticket. 
The goals of the program were to provide a positive cost benefit to the public via art versus the cost to remediate the illegal graffiti, highlight the values and the identity of the communities where art work was being created, and transform places from depressing to welcoming. 
It cost the City of Detroit approximately $3 per square foot for graffiti remediation. Alternatively the cost to paint murals came in around $1 per square foot. In acknowledging that the number one goal is to highlight the values and the identity of the community, the program puts an emphasis on a reversed engineered approach to content development. By insuring that the art develops organically and holistically within the community by the community we insure that the end product functions as beautification but also wayfinding in that each instillation highlights the local community so when visitors see the art they are better able to identify where they are and what that area is about. 

Dale Mikkelsen, Vice President, Development SFU Community Trust. UniverCity: A Visual Walking Tour of Sustainability in Action 

UniverCity, is a low-carbon community adjacent to Simon Fraser University’s Burnaby Mountain campus with a current population of over 5,000 people, is expected to surpass 9,000 people within the next five years. Clustered around an accessible and pedestrian-focused High Street with a full range of services to meet the daily needs of residents, as well as the SFU community, UniverCity is interlinked with a park and trail system to promote walkability, and support a transit system used by a third of its residents.  
UniverCity’s developer, SFU Community Trust, balances the dual goals of creating endowment wealth for SFU, while modelling—for the world—the very best in sustainable community planning and development. In pursuit of this second goal, UniverCity has been acknowledged internationally with dozens of awards including the American Planning Association’s inaugural award for Innovation in Green Community Planning, the first LEED Gold school retrofit in British Columbia, and the country’s most advanced stormwater management system. The Trust has also constructed what will be Canada’s first Living Building (the greenest daycare on the planet) and neighbourhood energy utility that helps UniverCity meet some of the most stringent energy efficiency standards in the country. 
In the presentation, UniverCity; a Visual Walking Tour of Sustainability in Action you’ll hear how SFU Community Trust is developing a community comprised of 65 hectares into a liveable, walkable, and sustainable community. The presentation will be a highly visual journey, as attendees will learn by experiencing the community – past, present, and future – with our team. 

Emma Regina Morales Garcia de Alba,  Professor, Universidad Iberoamericana Puebla, Mexico. Life on the other side of the wall: the shaping of practices in and outside gated communities in Mexico 

In recent years, there has been an increase in interest from practitioners and public officials about creating healthy, 10-minute neighbourhoods that promote walkability, community life, healthier lifestyles and safer cities. However, in countries like Mexico, struggling with increased crime and violence, the proliferation of gated communities is redefining the perception of scale, time, and distance. The case study Lomas de Angelopolis in Puebla, Mexico, a gated community containing over 21,000 houses is an example of how residents inside gated communities have different perceptions of distance and scale in comparison with those who live outside the gates and deal with connectivity, permeability, and accessibility problems. The difference in perception is even more tangible to those living on the other side of the wall, living in poor irregular settlements, who work as housemaids, gardeners, and construction workers inside the gated community. The aim of this paper is to analyse the different ways people experience and perceive supposedly 10-minute neighbourhoods inside gated communities conceived as walkable fully-equipped communities. The case study in Mexico provides a contrasting experience of life in a supposedly healthy, clean, walkable environment.

Sandra V. Murillo-Morales, Urban Designer, OPPI Pre-candidate Member, B.Arch, MES, BAA, The Planning Partnership, Toronto. Urbanizing Ecologies for Healthier Community Building

The Mud Creek Corridor is an academic research project developed to demonstrate how landscape-centered design could benefit not only natural heritage systems but also promote land development for healthier walkable communities with access to quality of open space.
Currently, the Mud Creek is a tributary of the Thames River in London, ON. It supports regional ecological systems of the river watershed. Today, 66 hectares of land sit vacant awaiting for development. The site reveals a unique ecology and opportunities to provide quality of urban open space for existing and future residents.
The research proposes a park and ecological corridor design as a strategy to integrate resiliency, adaptability and connectivity design principles. At the outset of a comprehensive GIS land suitability analysis, the plan sets development premises where biotic, abiotic and cultural components are integrated. The design proposal re-defines land use zones without impacting current sensitive biological and physical systems, ensuring connectivity of nature, people access to nature and efficient mobility. A post-design analysis demonstrates how road infrastructure realignment could optimize developable land areas, by defining buffers and setbacks for hydrologic system protection. Additionally, it demonstrates how a planned open space corridor could encourage pedestrian mobility and promote alternative transportation. Then, existing and future surrounding communities could connect to nature. At the same time, the main vehicular corridor is redesigned as an innovative 'parkway' type road system. It features as an extension of the park corridor and ensures the neighbourhood is not dissected by traditional road infrastructure.
Overall, the design of the neighbourhood open space defines land uses, provides access to nature and recreational amenities which existing neighbourhood lacks of. Ultimately, the open space infrastructure empowers social cohesion due to the activities the proposed recreational corridor offers. The corridor design delivers planning and design strategies that integrate natural systems, promote healthy living and support active urban mobility.
Finally, the proposed infrastructure ensures that water run-off is minimized and treated before entering into the watershed and river system. Creek restoration buffers, parkway median and pervious surfacing integrate into a park corridor that unveils a design alternative for responsible urban planning where nature and urban development can coexist; creating built environments where communities can thrive.

Barbara Myers, Planner, SvN Architects + Planners Inc., Toronto. Repurposing Urban and Suburban Church Properties 

Today’s Church congregations all have low attendance and reduced revenue, which puts a strain on the ministry and core of committed volunteers. The one asset they do have, which is not properly recognized or understood, is their property. They are unique in their prime locations in cities and towns, and in being allowed special tax-exempt status owing to their common-good contributions. In 2015 SvN was contacted by the United Church of Canada in Toronto to give property advice to numerous congregations in MB and ON. This base has grown and we are now advising Anglican, Ukrainian Orthodox, Catholic, Baptist, the Christian and Missionary Alliance and Coptic Christian churches. We are addressing property challenges and building diverse infill projects in urban and suburban locations. We are helping churches to reconsider property holdings as missional opportunities to develop housing, amenities and social spaces to contribute to the communities they have served for decades. 
Specifically, we are working with churches to define their theological strengths and focus for the future; the market, civic and heritage value of their buildings and properties; 
how to be financially stable through the highest and best use of their property; and to find professional advice and guidance with the right development partner and team. 
Examples of SvN's work to be presented include Immanuel Village, Leola Village, St. Elizabeth Anglican Church, University of Toronto, Wycliffe College, Augustine United Church and Dominion Chalmers United Church.  


Nels Nelson, Senior Planner, Stantec's Urban Places. A Prescription for Urban Design 

How can the environment influence our behavior and sustain our health? This paper shares the urban design process, research, and results of the world's first application of the International Well Building Institute's WELL Community Standard in the Water Street district of Tampa, Florida. The WELL Community Standard addresses district-scale performance in air, water, nourishment, light, fitness, temperature, sound, materials, mental health, and community. Responding to early versions of the Standard, the urban design team collaborated with the developers of the Standard to shape strategies for block structure, building massing, transportation, design guidelines, and public realm design that promote health and well-being. Strategies include air-quality monitoring and reporting; handsome green spaces and streetscapes with low-pollen trees; access to healthy food; green rainwater-handling infrastructure; circadian lighting; a hydration map for drinking fountains; and access to the amenities of an urban waterfront. The district, now under construction, will show that designers can create cities that are in harmony with the natural systems, while also to building communities that proactively eliminate risk factors for chronic disease. Scientific evidence has demonstrated that life in walkable, compact, and connected neighborhoods allows us to enjoy better health, including lower levels of obesity, diabetes, chronic high blood pressure, and heart disease. Meanwhile, demand for healthy places to live and work is on the rise. Thinking big about these opportunities can create benefits for local economies, the planet, and our physical and mental wellbeing. 

Gabrielle Newmark, Assistant Professor, California Polytechnic University Pomona. Los Angeles Arts District Green Alley Project: Integrating Quantitative Thinking into the Design Process

The Los Angeles Arts District Green Alley Project is a collaboration between Rennie Tang, a professor at Cal Poly Pomona and Gabrielle Newmark founder of Swamp Pink Landscape Architecture and co-founder of Industrial District Green. The goal of this project is to transform underutilized asphalted alleys into an interconnected multi-modal greenway system connecting the downtown Los Angeles Arts District to the Los Angeles River. This green alley system would create respite places for the community and wildlife while improving safety and walkability in ways that reflect the unique industrial character of the neighborhood. Quantifying the performance of these proposed landscapes provides a basis for updating the City of Los Angeles codes to enforce green space per capita. Using plants as a primary design tool to create an immersive planted outdoor alley room, students will be asked to consider landscape performance factors such as walkability, health and well-being, stormwater management, wildlife habitat and economics on a neighborhood scale. Rather than treating quantification of landscape performance as a process that takes place only post occupancy, it can be incorporated during the conceptual stages of a project to engage stakeholders before a project is built. Through this studio the Green Alley Project becomes a laboratory for testing how quantitative thought process can serve to strengthen design ideas while serving as a strategic tool for affecting broader shifts in culture and policy.

Tobi Nussbaum, City Councillor, City of Ottawa. 5 objects to 10 actions to countless Sustainable Cities 

While cities are often cited as the new panacea for global crises – capable of solving problems that have eluded national governments from combatting climate change to bolstering public health – less attention has been paid to what that means in practice? How can municipal governments successfully address big public policy challenges without losing sight of their bread and butter: improving the quality of life for their citizens?  
In the process of knocking on over 20,000 doors to hear from people and conversing with many hundreds more in living rooms, kitchens and church basements, I have been asking myself these questions. I found the answer in simple objects: metaphors that represent what I heard people tell me the kind of communities they want – safe, connected, affordable, vibrant, green. And when these objects are translated into action, they can serve the dual purpose of building the neighbourhoods people want in their cities while contributing to solving the tough collective issues we are facing the world over. 
Using five objects as a starting point - bicycle, watering can, library card, coffee cup and folding chair - I will identify and elaborate on 10 actions that municipal governments the world over can take to achieve liveable communities and sustainable cities in a way that adds to, not detracts from, healthy and happy lives for their residents. 



Rick Phillips, AICP, RA, Executive Director rp [PLACE] and David Woltering, Community Development Director, City of San Bruno, CA.   San Bruno’s City of Short Distances – Creating a Vision of Urban Livability based on Economic, Social and Cultural Diversity! 

California’s Bay Area abounds in great examples of livable, walkable communities organized around public transportation, from the San Francisco Peninsula’s historic “Railroad Cities” to new “transit villages” along BART, the region’s backbone rapid transit system. But lurking behind these aspirational models of planning and design is a specter familiar to all who aspire to live here: skyrocketing residential and commercial displacement, creeping monoculture, and endless commutes from distant, cheaper cities in the Central Valley. Does it have to be this way? In the Bay Area, is it not possible to create and steward livable cities that support economic, social and cultural diversity? Hopeful answers may be found in the visions and plans of San Bruno, a small city in San Mateo County, 12 miles south of San Francisco. This story is told from two perspectives by the co-authors of this paper: the city planner responsible for leading San Bruno’s urban development vision and the urban designer who conceptualized a community-driven catalytic transportation improvement, the new Caltrain San Bruno Station, opened in 2014. 
For reasons the authors will explore, San Bruno is uniquely situated to achieve its vision and become a model of affordability, sustainability and diversity to inspire other cities in the Bay Area and beyond. With key transportation projects now in place, the City is applying visionary planning and urban design to make San Bruno’s historic downtown and adjacent residential neighborhoods a true realm of walkable, urban livability, an expression of IMCL’s urgent and essential principles of “True Urbanism”. 

John J. Pittari, Jr. & Alex Krumdieck, Professor(s), Auburn University. Shaping Healthy, Ten-Minute Neighborhoods in Downtown Birmingham 

After decades of consistent population decline, Birmingham, Alabama, is now witnessing a slow reversal of this trend. Quite notably, this change is buoyed by new residential growth occurring in the downtown core, with a concurrent resurgence of related uses and amenities. As a means of supporting and leveraging this promising situation, Auburn University’s downtown Center for Architecture and Urban Studies (the “Urban Studio”) has undertaken a series of community design outreach efforts which explore opportunities to shape healthy “ten-minute” neighborhoods within the larger city center area (which includes downtown). In a city with ninety-nine “defined” residential neighborhoods, all of which are located outside the city center, these projects aspire to structure new, mixed-use neighborhoods that serve the growing desire for, and further promote, downtown living. 
Additionally, these efforts seek to address two other important concerns: 1) the need for enhanced connectivity among the distinct downtown districts that currently exist in relative proximity to each other, but that are not perceived or experienced on the ground as a connected whole; and 2) the need for more varied housing options downtown than are being currently provided by the market, which units generally fit within a limited lifestyle and affordability niche. As faculty instructors for these student-driven projects, the authors’ paper presentation will provide the context for downtown Birmingham’s revival and describe the methods through which these projects have been undertaken as a way of promoting livable and walkable “ten-minute” neighborhoods, and of making Birmingham a healthier city. 


Gøran Raade-Andersen, Public Health Coordinator, Planner and Health Professional in the municipality. Bodø- the dot on the map that wants to become the center of the world 

Far north in Northern Europe, there is a city where magical things are about to happen. With its 50000 inhabitants, Bodø went victoriously out of the prestigious competition as Norway’s most attractive city in 2016. Fierce investment in urban design and city development was crucial factors. But the city development has just begun. By building a new airport in the area that today is occupied by the military, we are given about 360 fresh hectares for city development. Within the next years, a complete new city will arise in near relation with the existing city centre, which will also be re- shaped. 
In our strategic municipal plan for 2018- 2030, we highly emphasize the importance of building a human friendly, smart and green city. In near future, you will be able to reach all necessary human needs within a 10 minute walk or bicycle ride from the city centre; the airport, the harbour, the train station, attractive neighbourhoods with numerous social meeting spots, workplaces, schools, and spectacular nature sites. This will be the most modern and human friendly 10- Minute city in Norway. Our plans have already waked international interest, as Bodø will host the 54th ISOCARP world Congress in 2018. 
In 2018 we will establish a city lab to test groundbreaking new methods and arenas for citizens dialogue, participation and co-creation. Together with the municipality and other stakeholders we will invite the inhabitants to take part in and feel ownership in developing the new Bodø city. 

Pranjali Rai, Urban Planner and Architect, University of Maryland College Park. Joint-Use School Development in Urbanizing Areas 

Thriving schools are important for preparing the future human resource and for directly contributing to social and economic development of any place. Hence, planning for schools is a critical aspect for creating sustainable neighborhoods, and urbanizing areas provide a unique opportunity to relate school development with its changing context. 
But, developing schools in urbanizing suburbs is particularly difficult due to shift in demographics, and changes in development scenarios. Typical is the case of Arlington County VA, which has changed dramatically from a collection of bedroom communities in Washington DC Metro Region to a thriving urban area. Its public school enrollment has grown by 19% from 2009 to 2014. Most of this growth is due to increase in the population of under 5 year age. Our work aims to develop a successful model for public school development in densifying neighborhoods, in metro corridors of Arlington VA. 
Our research explores the connection of a school with its neighborhood through the use of Joint-use School Model; previously used in urban areas of New York City. This model utilizes shared-use of amenities to serve the school and the neighborhood community. In our session, we will discuss site selection parameters, and strategies like planning for flexibility, contextually appropriate form, and shared spaces that can make joint-use school a successful model for school development in urbanizing areas. We will elaborate on how this model is able to satisfy the requirements of a public education facility on a constrained site, and render a quality education environment. 

Dorothy I. Riddle, President, Hidden Mobility Disabilities Alliance. How Far Can You Walk: Hidden Mobility Disabilities 

Millions of people with osteoarthritis or COPD or heart disease or other health conditions can walk but only a short distance. This hidden mobility disability is truly invisible because we look "just fine," but we get pressured into walking too far ("just a short distance") or standing too long ("this will only take a minute") and end up with severe joint pain or shortness of breath. Standard surveys have defined a "short distance" as a couple of blocks when the reality is that those with hidden mobility disabilities can often walk less than one-quarter of a block; or surveys define a "short time" as 15 minutes when less than 5 minutes is more realistic. 
The international Survey on Hidden Mobility Disabilities has provided the first data to describe the lived experience of persons with hidden mobility disabilities, indicating that on average such persons can walk only 35-50 feet without incurring serious health consequences. Planning focused on "walkable" 10-minute neighborhoods needs to ensure that this growing segment of the population is not unintentionally barred from community participation. Without appropriate attention, public transit can entail too much walking or standing, and the insertion of bike paths and racks can eliminate the on-street parking needed for easy access to services. 
This session will present the research data generated by the international Survey on Hidden Mobility Disabilities and stimulate discussion of possible neighborhood design options to ensure that persons with hidden mobility disabilities remain active and healthy community members. 

Nancy K Rivenburgh, Professor, Department of Communication, University of Washington. Generating Community in 10-minute Neighborhoods: Creating Communication-Rich Environments 

The most livable and sustainable cities connect people in ways that contribute to the building of social capital. How do they do this? Just providing public spaces isn’t enough. We’ve all seen plenty of empty parks or plazas. Ray Oldenburg, author of the seminal book The Great Good Place, coined the term “Third Place” to refer to physical spaces—outside of home and work—that foster social interaction and a sense of community life.  These might be public or private spaces such as coffee shops, community centers, bars, hair salons, churches, or clubs. I promote a type of ‘enhanced’ Third Place that I call Communication-Rich Environments (CREs).  A CRE is different from Oldenburg’s local café or bar that hosts the same familiar faces (and conversations) each day.  These types of third places are important, but have limits.  CREs are defined more by the diversity of people and communication that occur within a space. In this paper, I elaborate on the importance and qualities of Communication-Rich Environments. I identify the conditions that promote them, offering examples of places that often meet these conditions (ranging from food truck pods to dog parks to tool libraries). Finally, I argue that the intentional integration of CREs into the design and planning of 10-minute neighborhoods will contribute significantly their livability and sustainability.  


Karl Saidla, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Ottawa. The Sir John A. Macdonald Winter Trail (SJAM): Bringing health, happiness, and sustainability to the 10-minute neighborhood 

The SJAM winter trail is a unique and innovative community-driven project that creates strong recreational, social, and active transportation opportunities in the heart of Ottawa during the cold and snowy winter months. Officially launched in 2016, the SJAM is a 16 km network of maintained winter trails designated for shared use by cross-country skiers, walkers, snowshoe users, and winter cyclists.  
Occupying a green corridor along the Ottawa River immediately west of downtown, the network’s main artery follows an existing multi-use pathway that was previously not winter maintained. Completely free of charge, the SJAM is directly accessible in less than 10 minutes on foot, by bike, or by public transit (including via two of Ottawa’s light rail lines) for a large population base situated in numerous nearby residential neighborhoods and business districts.  
Following an overview of the SJAM’s development and operation, this paper presents the results of a voluntary online questionnaire completed by more than 408 SJAM users in the spring of 2016. Notably, data including responses by neighborhood, mode of access (i.e., automobile vs. sustainable transportation), choice of activity (i.e. skiing, walking, cycling, snowshoeing) as well as user experiences are summarized and discussed.  
The questionnaire results are then considered in relation to a selection of scholarly literature concerning relationships between health/well-being and access to nature, opportunities for physical activity and active transportation.  
The overall implication is that the SJAM contributes strongly to many desirable outcomes for Ottawa’s population, suggesting that it may be considered a promising model for additional similar projects in Ottawa and other urban centers. 

Beverly A. Sandalack, Professor & Associate Dean, Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary. HealthyHoods: a better life in cities 

The HealthyHoods research initiative is a comprehensive program involving multiple researchers from various disciplines to better understand how the physical design of our cities, neighbourhoods and streets is central to peoples’ quality and way of life, to create the ‘living neighbourhood’ - places that are healthy, socially equitable, efficient, resilient and environmentally responsive, and to propose multiple practical recommendations for better planning and design.  
We know from our previous research how influential the built environment is on peoples’ health, behaviour, social connectivity, and mobility, particularly walkability. We are at a watershed moment, where existing tools and methods are becoming outdated and obsolete as the issues of our new world emerge. Through new collaborations, we have evolved survey and analytical methods that make use of contemporary tools (such as smart phones, gps, and drone technology). We have also expanded our research to include two of the more vulnerable populations - children and the elderly - with a focus on building resilience in neighbourhoods. We view our work as vital with respect to the lifespans both of the human individual as well as the city. 
What is unique here is that we are addressing multiple issues under one comprehensive initiative, where our interdisciplinary teams are finding new ways of framing old problems, forging new disciplinary connections and developing new ways of communicating the findings. Rather than a highly specific research question, we look at health (broadly framed) and the built environment (broadly framed), all within a strong collaborative network, considering multiple research questions comprehensively. 

Eric Schmidt, AICP, PLA, RA, Vice President, Cascade Design Collaborative. Park Lane Woonerf. A Place for Community 

The planning outcomes of Park Lane Woonerf project can be measured by several criteria; from an equity perspective, an environmental perspective, a design/aesthetic perspective, an economic perspective and of course a traffic perspective. 
1) Equity: Equity can be seen by the diversity of visitors, programmed performances and events, and encouragement of social interaction.  
2) Environmental: This Woonerf is a sustainable or Green Street, cleaning 100% of its runoff through bioretention planters and permeable pavers prior to releasing it to Lake Washington. 
3) Design/Aesthetics: The decorative paver system creates the feeling of a plaza and encourages people to move freely throughout the entire right-of-way. The decorative pavers also let drivers know that they in a pedestrian environment where they need to proceed with extreme caution. The projects’ success validated our collaborative approach between planners, designers and engineers in creating the most active gathering space in downtown Kirkland. 
4) Economic: Construction was undertaken during winter and early spring to minimize the impact on the businesses that anchor Park Lane. When summer arrived and the construction barriers were removed, business owners offered unanimous praise for the new design. All of the businesses experienced a surge of new customers and that increase continues to grow.  
5) Traffic: The 60 ft. ROW is 1400 ft. long and historically acted as a parking lot for adjacent small galleries and food venues. With the low traffic count, the streetscape design was reconceived as a linear plaza that allowed cars access to parking within the plaza. The angled parking allows expansion for outdoor seating while the street remains open and in summer the street is often closed for art-walks, music and other community events. 

Stan Schwartzenberger, Development & Infrastructure Commissioner, City of Medicine Hat. Livable Medicine Hat 

The City of Medicine Hat has a number of policy plans approved or in production for the historic downtown and surrounding residential neighbourhoods. The policy plans encourage mixed use development and walkability. The challenge is how to make the policy vision a reality. 
This presentation will examine concepts and processes used by the City of Medicine Hat to bring the walkable and healthy neighbourhoods concept articulated in its policy plans to life. The range of implementation tools include: 
• Infrastructure Asset Management 
• River Flood Protection Measures 
• River Recreation and Tourism Development Initiatives 
• Property Redevelopment (Public/Private) 
o Barrier Management (Processes, fees & charges) 
o Investment business case and cash flow analysis 
• Education Programs 
o The effect of urban design on the health of individuals through influencing choices related to lifestyle and activity 
o Understanding how tax dollar cash flow is influenced by urban design decisions. 
The relationship between policies, implementation tools and information sharing and their collective impacts of urban design will be explored in this session and should generate interesting discussions. 

Yuhan Shao, Assistant Professor, Tongji University. Generating Community in 10-Minute Neighbourhoods: A case study in Shenzhen, China 

This study attempts to develop a methodology to generate a community in 10-minutes mixed functional neighborhood and high-density area and put into practice. The study is aiming to not only develop a way to identify requires of the people and develop potentials of such functions in practice, but also to provide ability to connect of such functional spaces in a high density city.  
Due to modernization and globalization, the rapid development of China has created a lot of enclosed residential areas, which is cut off the links between the communities and the surrounding areas, greatly reducing the accessibility to life. How to embed functions such as entertainment, leisure, sports and services into a high-density integrated community is an important issue that is the Chinese cities are all facing. 
The concept of "ten-minute service circle" which mentioned by China national government shows that we are begin to pay attention to the quality of living and improve the accessibility of walking. There are opportunities to improve such communities. Therefore it is always a challenging aspiration to the landscape architects to create a user-friendly 10-minutes community. To be able to achieve such aim, all users should be encouraged to make their contribution; those who live, work and visit the place. Hence, thinking afresh about our community is needed, how it is used and how to generate it. 

Jenniffer Sheel, Manager, Street Activities, City of Vancouver & Professional Engineer, PMP. Planning for people through pop-ups 

In a dense urban centre surrounded by water is the heart of a community called ‘the West End’. It is one of Vancouver’s most diverse neighbourhoods with a significant stock of rental housing; a self-identified LGBTQ2+ community; families with children; newcomers; connections to three distinct commercial villages and; a main attraction for tourists. 
To guide future growth opportunities in the West End (WE) the City of Vancouver worked closely with the community to create the West End Plan.  
WE residents identified diversity and inclusivity for people of all ages, incomes, ethnicities, and sexual orientations as important core values to enrich the community’s cultural vibrancy and social resilience. The WE also has the highest percentage of any community in the city of people who walk to work (40%).  
One of the strong partnerships that emerged out of the Plan was between the Planning Department, the VIVA Vancouver Program – the City’s innovative temporary public space program, and the public.  
During the planning process several pop-ups - small scale interventions - were identified and tested helping people reimage spaces that could be made into either permanent spaces or programs. Examples include: a street to plaza, street murals, a rainbow crossing, and a parklet.  
The result is an enhanced 10 minute community of places along Bute Street that encompasses a permanent plaza, rainbow crossing, a park, and a parklet. The work isn’t complete! A new street to plaza and excitement around the possibility of transforming parking spaces for people is underway. 

Felia Srinaga, Associate Professor & Urban Designer, University of Pelita Harapa. Convivial and Inclusive Urban Square and Park in Central Jakarta 

The problem of urban space in Jakarta is not only about deficiency of urban space, but also in number of visitors. Location, scale, size and types of place also do not guarantee the attractiveness of place usage. In addition, the use of several urban squares and parks in Jakarta is still exclusive.  
In Jakarta, the accessibility to major places including the connectivity of accessibility, the activities of user, functions and facilities available at those places are some of the specific reasons that attract people to come. The hot weather of Jakarta is also one of the reasons why people are idle to walk and go to those places. The unavailability of street facilities and adequate transportation within a radius of 10 Minutes-walk, are another challenges. 
This study is taken in three squares in the city center, namely: "Monas" and "Banteng" square which are surrounded mainly with office buildings, the biggest mosque and the oldest cathedral in Jakarta, and also "Fatahillah" square (the oldest historical square in Jakarta). Three adjacent parks in the city center are also used as case studies to see the differences and similarities of character, conviviality and inclusiveness of these places in an effort to attract visitors. 
This study aims to answer some questions such as: Whether square designs as well as city-wide parks need to be designed within a walking distance and the key design components and principles of success to be a convivial and inclusive place for children, old people, and disabled. 

Christine Storry, Architect & Legal Researcher, Utopia Architects. City Typologies - A 10 Minute Exploration of the Australian Urban Experience 

Often the city is spoken of as if it is a uniform entity. Yet there are as many different contemporary cities as there are cities in existence. This paper begins with the idea of exploring different cities 'experientially' mapped within a ten minute walking radius, from the town hall, to draw out sometimes overlooked urban differences and urban similarities with implications for sustainable development. 
In international law, sustainable development, while conceptualised as the balance of competing economic, social and environmental interests, is what legal commentators refer to as an 'empty concept', essentially considered devoid of operational content. The question often asked by environmental lawyers is 'how does one know when sustainable development has been achieved'? 
Within planning theory the idea of the ten minute neighbourhood has gained currency as the solution to an environmental issue, the use of cars, and to questions their reduction poses, 'practical proximity'. The ten minute neighbourhood is based on the social idea that "people who live close - within a ten minute walk - to grocery stores, transit lines, parks and other essential services, can more easily minimise environmental impacts and maximise healthy lifestyles." However, the desired built outcome, for developers and governments is economic, to be able to provide residential towers without also providing car spaces and costly, controversial, vehicular infrastructure. 
To illuminate the idea of the ten minute neighbourhood as it might be applied to a diversity of urban situations, I am proposing to explore the existing territorial bounds, through experiential urban mapping, of the ten minute walking radius in three Australian capital cities. 


Alexandru Taranu, Sr. Advisor, Architectural Design, FCIP, RPP, FRAIC, OAA & CanU Senior Advisor, Architectural Design at City of Brampton. Resilient, Sustainable Development by Healthy Urban Design – the Greater Toronto Area Experience 

Greater Toronto Area is undergoing a huge transformation and a number of key projects demonstrate the trend towards more resilient, sustainable, liveable and healthier development and the increased role urban design is playing in city planning and building. 
This presentation will illustrate the major trends in the region – towards a more structured and urban Regional City, sustainable mobility, integrated regional transit, active transportation, development of mixed urban centres, transit corridors, neighbourhood nodes, for sustainable, green infrastructure. 
The presentation will look at ways economic development, population growth, increasingly diverse population, the demand for healthier, liveable, complete neighbourhoods and places with human scale and strong character and identity building on the spirit of place are accommodated through good planning and urban design. A particular attention will be paid to the urbanization of car-oriented suburbs, their transformation and urbanization.  
A series of demonstration, catalyst examples from the Region will be used to illustrate these trends, including mixed-use centres, neighbourhoods, infill and intensification projects, places, integration of infrastructure and public realm, etc.  
The presentation will show in a succinct, well illustrated manner how global and local threats (flood, health problems, pollution, social issues) could be mitigated through good urbanism, integrated urban design and placemaking, engagement and communication and how contemporary tools such as sustainability guidelines, indicators, could play in the process.  
Strong focus will be given to the role planners and designers play to build the resilient, sustainable, healthy, authentic Canadian urbanism - this will be coordinated with other presenters from across Canada 


Sibylle Wälty, Doctoral Student, ETH CASE, ETH Zurich. Based on the analysis of twenty essential elements: Greater Zurich has only one 10-Minute neighborhood 

With the invention of transport and land use control, we have become highly dependent on mobility through public transport and cars and have lost proximity, compactness as well as comfort and safety to reach everyday tasks on foot. Using the example of Greater Zurich, Switzerland's largest conurbation, we examine twenty essential elements for 10-minute neighborhoods. That is why we measure the suitability of the built environment for pedestrians at twenty-six locations with the highest density in persons, jobs, people and or FTE jobs in retail. This paper reports that there is only one 10-Minute neighborhood in Greater Zurich. 
We conclude that for a built environment to be suitable for pedestrians, nine elements in terms of proximity, six elements in terms of compactness and five elements in terms of comfort and safety, must be fulfilled. In addition, planning must move from static, normative and exclusory to dynamic, conditional and inclusionary practice in order to adapt to change and to allow for 10-Minute neighborhoods where appropriate. The question of where and how intense and locally balanced land use can be achieved with regard to the pedestrian friendly transformation of the built environment and its planning practice is, therefore, the focus of future work. 

Elora Wilkinson, Urban Design Program Manager, MCIP, LPP. Identifying the Right Tools for Creating 10-Minute Neighbourhoods 

 The most sensitive, and perhaps most important, urban policy work today focuses on how to allow and promote change in established neighbourhoods. When we do this well we thrive and create more 10-minute neighbourhoods, when we fail in this task the result is more sprawl and vehicular reliance. Working in established neighbourhoods we can have success by correctly identifying the components of 10-minute neighbourhoods that are needed and then crafting tools to address those deficits.  
This paper will use the drafting of two landmark plans for Halifax Regional Municipality as a lens for identifying the right tools for strengthening and creating 10-minute neighbourhoods. The first plan was tasked with bringing residential uses back into the Central Business District, and the second plan was tasked with integrating a variety of uses into established residential areas. The paper will explore how each conversion comes with its own challenges and needs different planning tools and processes to successfully implement new policy.  
Finally, the paper will contribute to the planning practice with knowledge we have collected through the creation and implementation of these two plans, with the hopes of enabling other municipalities to have success retrofitting their existing urban form by embracing 10-minute neighbourhood principles.  

Douglas A. Williams, Ph.D., Designer and Researcher, University of Illinois. Place Keeping: “Let Us Make Our Community…Better…Where We Have Ownership!”


For over half a century, neighborhoods at the urban core of US cities have contended with an array of destabilizing conditions: from the economic blight of ‘community burn’ (Fulilove, 2004, p. 128) to gentrification in concentrated areas of poverty, within the majority of communities of people who are ‘truly disadvantaged’ (Wilson, 1990, 2010). While well intended, municipal policies and practices can burden members of marginalized communities with myopic strategies for improving complex inimical vacancy conditions in neighborhoods. Recent purchases of hundreds of vacant lots for $1, Chicago’s Large Lot Program is showing promise for residential property owners to reestablish their once stable dwelling grounds. What voice does social capital have when downtown policy meets local citizens on Chicago's South and West Sides?  
This ethnographic case study is a part of a longitudinal evaluation of Chicago’s Large Lot Program, sharing local people’s place-keeping stories in the inner-city. A mostly African American population, the twelve participants included residents from the first three program selected neighborhoods: Englewood, Garfield Park, and Woodlawn, where thousands of vacant lots are continuing to be purchased, starting in 2014 through 2017. Our preliminary findings from part-two, of a three-part evaluation, includes data from in-depth interviews that illustrate social values were fostered from the program’s inception, implementation, and future envisioning among the residents. Challenges of neighborhoods sharing an awareness, trusting in the validity of the program, and accessing information and resources among new owners are being overcome through their collective agency. These findings support social capital theory (Putnam, 2000). 

Eddie Wu, BLA, OALA, BCSLA, APALA, SALA, CSLA, ASLA, LEED AP, Principal, and Robert Marshall, BA, MUP, RPP, LEED AP, Principal/Global Director, B+H Planning & Landscape . Creating Dynamic Urban Destinations 

September 23 Park is a historic park in the high-density Central Business District (CBD) of HCMC, Vietnam. Its regeneration is being undertaken by a consortium of developers with direction and approval of the Municipality and is intended to transition it from an open green space for passive recreation into a dynamic urban destination that ties together surrounding neighborhoods through commercial and cultural activities. The park serves as the terminus of the new Metro line at one end, and an updated central transit bus terminal at the opposite, with routes extending into the city. Surrounding neighborhoods are also rapidly transitioning, making this a key initiative in defining the future of this part of the CBD. 
A linear park, approximately 1 kilometer in length and 90 meters wide, its design allows for a series of nodal events along its length, connecting to adjacent neighborhoods. The center is a cultural hub with a performing arts center, outdoor amphitheater, and cultural plaza that sit on two levels of below-grade parking, which will be in demand by surrounding neighborhoods. Connecting major traffic generators within the park are wide, pedestrian promenades lined with trees and public art running along the length of the park, transitioning on various levels. The promenades connect a variety of amenities including a metro plaza with 360-degree media screen, children’s amusement parks and playgrounds, a tropical botanical garden, linear retail frontages and clustered retail pavilions. Active features of the park are complemented by expansive grass lawns for gathering, special events, and relaxation.  


Pecha Kucha

Maria Syed, Graduate Student, New Jersey Institute of Technology. Essential elements of creative place making in 10 minute neighborhoods (Pecha Kucha) 
1-) The big picture: The essentials of creative placemaking in 10 minute neighborhoods. 
2-) The Holistic approach: The concept of Live-Work-Play 
3-) Breakdown: The list of the essential elements to creative placemaking in 10 minute neighborhoods. 
4-) The Main Street: Main street as the backbone of a holistic 10 minute neighborhood. 
5-) Interconnected connections: Having multiple modes to get around. 
6-) Public Transit: Multiple modes of public transit connecting to the broader area. 
7-) Bikeability: What bikeability looks like in certain cities. 
8-) Bikeability: What bikeability should look like in the same cities. 
9-) Walkability: How certain “walking” districts lack walking infrastructure. 
10-)Walkability: What a walking district should look like. 
11-)Accessibility: Accessibility means ‘access’ to….. 
12-)....To education: Is access to education really available? At what level? 
13-)....To Employment: The neighborhood should have a diverse range of employment opportunities for those who would like to work locally. 
14-)....To cultural resources: The residents and locals should have access to local cultural resources as a way to engage the community and specifically the youth. 
15-)....To parks and open space: The physical and mental health of the community is contingent upon such resources. 
16-)....To an active public realm: Creative placemaking as an art for an active public realm with the introduction of public spaces and places, in addition to services and resources. 
17-) Active nodes vs. active zones: The idea of having a holistic neighborhood with zones and nodes that are interconnected. 
18-) Active Nodes: Parks and public squares as opportunity to highlight programs such as, concerts in the park, movies in the park etc. 
19-) Active Zones: The main street as active zones which are connected to parks. 
20-)The ‘New’ big picture: Overlayed layers of the holistic approach to show what essential elements of creative place making in 10 minute neighborhoods would ideally look like. 

Alexandru Taranu, Sr. Advisor, Architectural Design, FCIP, RPP, FRAIC, OAA & CanU Senior Advisor, Architectural Design at City of Brampton. The Mount Pleasant Experience: A Model for Transit-oriented, Liveable Urban Village? 

This focused, dynamic, Pecha Kucha presentation if looking at the challenges, opportunities of urbanizing suburbia through sustainable, complete, transit supportive, healthy and liveable development in the greenfield development. 
An overview of the vision, planning, design, development and construction of the Mount Pleasant Community and the Mount Pleasant Urban Village in Brampton, Ontario will be presented. Lessons learned will be discussed as well as the plans for the new phases of the project. 
Mount Pleasant Community is a large new, transit supportive and environmentally friendly community planned and designed and currently in development in North West Brampton. With a strong urban structure defined by a transit spine, an extensive green infrastructure system including recreated natural areas, this community is striving for sustainability, resilience and setting up new standards as a healthy, liveable model for new development. 
Mount Pleasant Urban Village is the centre of the entire community, a mobility hub as well as a fully walkable, humanly-scaled, people-friendly neighbourhood with a strong character and identity based on the local traditions and heritage. With an urban square hosting numerous public activities, an intensively used cultural amenity complex and extensive transit facilities at its core, this has become a model for new sustainable greenfield neighbourhoods. Its development offers very valuable lessons and is further advanced through the upcoming new phases. 
Strong focus will be given to the role planners and designers play to build the resilient, sustainable, healthy, authentic Canadian urbanism and will be coordinated with other presenters from across Canada. 


Poster Presentations

Meryem Belkadi, Student, Community Planning. Claiming back the public space to urban communities 

In contemporary cities, it is more complicated than ever, to define public and private spaces, including the functions each should meet. The new dynamics of large scale retail and leisure structures, absorbed most of the functions ensured in the past by public spaces, impacting thus the physical, social and economic structure of cities and communities. The question here is what are the challenges to restore public spaces to communities, and how to bring back Jane Jacob’s ballet to the city streets? Public spaces are an important component of the city, thus they played an important role in the economic structure, as streets were considered as trading spaces. Public spaces were also considered a catalyst for social interactions, as well as social activities. Public spaces represented an extension of the private space, a container of collective values. The contemporary city, with large-scale offices, malls, residential complexes, lost the most substantial characteristics of the public space that became mostly a circulation space between private spaces. The privatization and the oversight by governments also constituted an important paradigm in the shift from the public space to the private space. This paper focuses on the challenges and ways to the restoration of public spaces to communities. To answer the mentioned question, the paper examines the possibility of retrieving public spaces in the city under three main categories: economic scale and structure, urban and social mobility, and political status. 

Didong Chen, Student, KU Leuven. The aging dilemma in China: Conflict, Recognition and Public Space of Chinese Square Dance 

As a vernacular and controversial activity in China, Chinese Square Dance, differentiating from the one of American folk dance, is an exercise routine performed to music in squares, plazas or parks and always performed as group dancing, having obtained global attention on the media. Nearly 100 million Chinese people participate in this activity and the number continues to grow. In cities and countryside, every morning and evening without raining, groups of mostly middle-aged and elderly women dance together in public space mainly in squares in the parks and communities, sometimes on the slightly wider corners of sidewalks-basically whatever outdoor space which is empty, flat and accessible. Dancing in the public space provides opportunities for elderly females to express themselves and gain recognition through group activity thus some critics call this activity ‘Collective Solos’. Due to the limited public space and compact structure of cities in China, square dance with characteristics like high-frequency longtime occupation of public space as well as loud volume music has raised a huge controversy in society. Conflicts becomes inevitable between the dancers and residents especially youths in the surrounding communities for the noise pollution and competition of public space. Unprecedented prosperity of square dance which aiming at fitness and social communication among aging people reflects the lack of urban space and critical thinking of contemporary medical care system. How to ease tensions between collective entertainment and limited public space calls for vernacular urban design and planning strategy in China, to rebuild public life and identity in collective domains for aging generations. 

Chathurthi Subiksha De Silva, Doctoral Student, New Jersey Institute of Technology. Fear of Crime, Stress, and Features of the Built Environment 

Fear of crime can affect people’s enjoyment of the built environment since it often provokes a stress reaction that causes people to avoid threatening circumstances. It limits physical activities including ones that promote health and wellbeing, makes people feel like prisoners, and disrupts social cohesion. This study attempted to understand what features of the built environment gave rise to stress caused by fear of crime. The study was carried out in an urban residential neighbourhood with 50 university undergraduates consisting of a main street and several minor roads, in close proximity to the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka. Participants were shown photographs of segments of the route through this neighbourhood and were asked to identify those features that made the environment appear unsafe. As the respondents individually walked the same route, data to measure stress were taken from respondents’ galvanic skin responses which reflected their unconscious reactions to environmental features. A secondary survey was conducted to ensure that the changes in levels of stress were indeed stimulated by fear of crime induced by features of the environment. In the end, the study identified four features of the built environment that made participants feel unsafe: limited view of the route ahead, poor physical upkeep, minimal presence of people, and absence of houses.  

Bahar Manouchehri, PhD Student & Julie Rudner, Senior Lecturer, La Trobe University. Creating a child-friendly neighbourhood: Children talking about their desirable and non-desirable elements of their neighbourhood

Children in many developing countries are living in neighbourhoods that would rate poorly with regard to child-friendly indicators. In these countries, limited steps have been taken to evaluate children’s priorities, needs and desires for improving their neighbourhoods. Listening to children’s voice about favourable and non-favourable attributes of their neighbourhoods can assist urban planners to create more child-friendly neighbourhoods. This research aimed to investigate children’s views about the urban characteristics that they think make a child-friendly neighbourhood in Iran. Research was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 30 children aged 10-12 at one girls school and one boys school in a middle income area in Mashhad city, Iran. Content and thematic analysis were used to identify key trends within the data. According to the analysis of children’s answers, access to green areas and the natural environment is the most significant feature of an ideal neighbourhood for children, followed by quality of built environments and streets, access to recreational and playing spaces, hygiene, feeling safe and secure, safety and security, people and friends, access and proximity religious spaces and participating in decision-makings in the city. The results of this research can broaden planners’ perspectives so they create much more child-friendly local environments through engaging children in planning processes and putting the child at the centre of the city’s policies. 

Mark Onderwater, Masters Student, McGill University. What’s convenient in travel? A traveler typology linking travel behaviour and perceived convenience among a sample of Calgary residents 

The presence of essential amenities, such as grocery stores, schools, and employment, within convenient distances impacts individuals’ travel behaviour and quality of life. Whereas what is perceived as a convenient distance varies among individuals, the goal of this research is to better understand the relationships between perceived convenience and actual distance to essential amenities in the context of differing lifestyles, socio-demographic characteristics, and travel preferences. Using an online travel behaviour survey with a sample of 711 residents from Calgary, Canada, we segmented individuals into eight distinct groups based on travel behaviour and personal characteristics. We then examined the perceived convenience to reach various amenities among each group, while accounting for the actual network distances to amenities and differing lifestyles. Our results reveal varying distance sensitivities and thresholds for local accessibility amongst the eight travel typologies and demonstrate that travel typologies with car-focused mode shares tend to have larger tolerances to travel distance, but their travel satisfaction can be more sensitive to increased distance. Conversely, travel typologies with walking- and cycling-focused mode shares tend to be far less sensitive to differing distances, so long as they are below distance thresholds that are far below those of car-focused typologies. Using these results, a spatial analysis of convenience is then conducted and localized, context sensitive interventions are suggested to support active lifestyles. This study is of interest to researchers and planners concerned with improving liveability and access to local amenities by developing policies for key groups of individuals with distinct characteristics. 

Diana Studer, RAIC Architecture Student, HDR|CEI Architecture. Creating Design Charrette and Public Workshops for Children

Since the end of the last century, design charrettes and public consultations have gained popularity in helping planners and designers collect feedback on current projects and master plans. While these processes have helped create better relations between project teams and the community, their format and delivery has excluded the participation of children. However, children represent an untapped resource of information to help their communities evolve, especially considering they will one day inherit these places. Children have a right to contribute and be heard when decision that affect them are being made, as solidified in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. And what greater decisions do adults make on their behalf than what the communities they live in will look and feel like? 

Taking cues from countries which invest a significant education component in teaching architecture, I created a one day design charrette prototype. In April of 2016, I ran the charrette prototype with a group of 26 children on a prominent public space in Victoria, BC. The results of the charrette were then presented to the City of Victoria Planning Department to help inform their new master plan for the site. My presentation and report will focus on my research, the prototype I created, recommendations and lessons learned from running the charrette. My final project deliverable will be a book on creating design charrettes for children and is anticipated to be completed before the conference. 

Maria Syed, Grad Student, New Jersey Institute of Technology. The (in)Complete Street: A study of cases across the United States 

Complete streets in the United States is a term with origins in the Danish Woofeven and British Home Zone. Two typologies of shared urban streets in which private vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians ‘co-exit’ on the road as equal users. The National Complete Streets Coalition by Smart Growth America defines Complete Streets as “Streets for everyone. They are designed and operated to enable safe access for all users, including pedestrians, bicyclist, motorists and transit riders of all ages and abilities”. The designing and subsequent adoption of the policy across the United States has created multiple typologies of so-called “complete streets” throughout the  United States in which the shared use of the street is still dominated (unequally) by motorized vehicles and the enabling of ‘safe access to all’ remains limited for both pedestrians, cyclists, and public transit users. While on the other head motorists maintain dominance. Using Smart Growth American Complete streets Policy Adoption (updated October 20th, 2017) evaluate selected policies and implementations of Complete Street design and conduct a thorough design oriented 
investigation of the projects “streets for everyone” concepts, specifically the how has the introduction of complete streets changed the street hierarchy.